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Xu, Chenlingxi; **Chao, Chang Mao; & Rose, N.S. (under review). A Dual-Mechanisms of Control Account of Age-Differences in Working Memory. Pre-Registered Report:


Chao, C.M., Xu, C., Loaiza, V., & Rose, N. S. (2023). Are latent working memory items retrieved from long-term memory?. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 17470218231217723.

Rhilinger, J., Xu, C., & Rose, N.S. (2023). Are Irrelevant Items Actively Deleted from Visual Working Memory?: No Evidence from Repulsion and Attraction Effects in Dual-Retrocue Tasks. Attention, Perception, & Performance.

Rose, N.S., & Chao, C.M.. (2022). Hippocampal Involvement in Working Memory following Refreshing. Cognitive Neuroscience.

Sheldon, A.D., Saad, E., Sahan, M.I., Meyering, E., Starrett, M.J., LaRocque, J.J., Rose, N.S., & Postle, B.R. (2021). Attention biases competition for visual representation via enhancement of targets and inhibition of nontargets. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience.

Yeh, N., Payne, J.D., Kim, S.Y., Kensinger, E.A., Koen, J.D., & Rose, N.S. (2021). Medial prefrontal cortex has a causal role in selectively enhanced consolidation of emotional memories after a 24-hour delay: A TBS study. The Journal of Neuroscience, JN–RM–2599–20.

Rose, N.S. (2020). The dynamic processing model of working memory. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 29(4), 378–387.

Yue, Q., Martin, R.C., Hamilton, A.C., Rose, N.S. (2018). Non-perceptual regions in the left inferior parietal lobe support phonological short-term memory: evidence for a buffer account? Cerebral Cortex.

Gosseries, O., Yu, Q., LaRocque, J. J., Starrett1, M. J., Rose, N. S., Cowan, N., & Postle, B. R. (2018). Parietal-occipital interactions underlying control- and representation-related processes in working memory for nonspatial visual features. Journal of Neuroscience.

Rose, N. S., LaRocque, J. J., Riggall, A. C., Gosseries, O., Starrett, M. J., Meyering, E. E., & Postle, B. R. (2016). Reactivation of latent working memories with transcranial magnetic stimulation. Science, 354(6316), 1136-1139.

Agarwal, P.K., Finley, J.R., Rose, N.S., & Roediger, H.L., (2016). Benefits from retrieval practice are greater for students with low working memory than for students with high working memory. Memory, 1-8, DOI: 10.1080/09658211.2016.1220579.

Rose, N. S., Craik, F. I. M. & Buchsbaum, B. (2015). Levels of processing in working memory: Differential involvement of frontotemporal networks. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 7, 3, 522–532, doi:10.1162/jocn_a_00738.


Meltzer, J.A., Rose, N.S., Panamsky, P., Leigh, R., & Links, K. (2015). Semantic and phonological contributions to immediate and delayed cued sentence recall. Memory & Cognition, 44(2), 307-329, DOI: 10.3758/s13421-015-0554-y.

Craik, F.I.M., Rose, N.S., & Gopie, N. (2015). Recognition without awareness: Encoding and retrieval factors. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 41(5), 1271-1281, DOI: 10.1037/xlm0000137.

Lilienthal, L., Rose, N.S., Tamez, E., Myerson, J., & Hale, S. (2015). Individuals with low working memory spans show greater interference from irrelevant information because of poor source monitoring, not greater activation. Memory & Cognition , 43(3), 357-366. DOI 10.3758/s13421-014-0465-3. 


LaRocque, J.J., Eichenbaum, N.S., Starrett, M.J., Rose, N.S., Emrich, S.M., & Postle, B.R. (2015). The short- and long-term fate of memory items retained outside the focus of attention. Memory & Cognition, 43(3): 453-468. doi:10.3758/s13421-014-0486-y.


Rose, N. S., Buchsbaum, B. R., & Craik, F. I. M.  (2014). Short-term retention of a single word relies on retrieval from long-term memory when both rehearsal and refreshing are disrupted. Memory & Cognition, 42(5):689-700, DOI 10.3758/s13421-014-0398-x.


Rose, N. S. (2013). Individual differences in working memory, secondary memory, and fluid intelligence: Evidence from the levels-of-processing span task. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 67, 260-270. DOI: 10.1037/a0034351.


Rose, N. S. & Craik, F. I. M. (2012). A processing approach to the working memory/long-term memory distinction: Evidence from a levels-of- processing span task. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 38, 4, 1019-1029,


Rose, N. S., Olsen, R. K., Craik, F. I. M., & Rosenbaum, R. S. (2012). Working memory and amnesia: The role of stimulus novelty. Neuropsychologia, 50, 1, 11-18, doi:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2011.10.016.


Rose, N. S., Myerson, J., Roediger, III., H.L., & Hale, S. (2010). Similarities and differences between working memory and long-term memory: Evidence from the levels-of-processing span task. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 36, 2, 471-483, DOI: 10.1037/a0026976.


Rose, N. S., Myerson, J., Sommers, M., & Hale, S. (2009). Are there age differences in the executive component of working memory? Evidence from domain-general interference effects. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition, 16, 6, 633-653, DOI: 10.1080/13825580902825238.


Hale, S., Rose, N. S., Myerson, J., Strube, M. J., Sommers, M., Tye-Murray, N., & Spehar, B. (2011). The structure of working memory abilities across the adult lifespan. Psychology and Aging, 26, 1, 92-110, doi:10.1037/a0021483.


Loaiza, V., McCabe, D., Youngblood, J., Rose, N. S., & Myerson, J. (2011). The influence of levels of processing on recall from working memory and delayed recall tasks. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 37, 5, 1258-63, DOI: 10.1037/a0023923.


Zinke, K., Zeintl, M., Rose, N. S., Putzmann, J., Pydde, A., & Kliegel, M. (2013). Working memory training and transfer in older adults: Effects of age, baseline performance, and training gains. Developmental Psychology, 50(1), 304, DOI: 10.1037/a0032982.




Rose, N.S. & Saito, J. (in press). Naturalistic assessments in virtual reality and in real life help resolve the age-prospective memory paradox. Aging, Neuropsycholoyg, and Cognition

Rose, N.S., *Doolen, A.C., & *O'Rear, A.E. (2023). They forgot their “baby”?!: Factors that lead students to forget their cell phone. Journal of Applied Research on Memory & Cognition

Henry, J.D.; Hering, A.; Haines, S.; Grainger, S.A.; Koleits, N.; McLennan, S.; Pelly, R.; Doyle, C.; Rose, N.S.; Kliegel, M.; & Rendell, P.G. (2021). Acting with the future in mind: Testing competing prospective memory intervention approaches with older adults. Psychology and Aging.

Henry, J., Grainger, S., Rendell, P., Terrett, G., Kliegel, M., Bugge, M., Ryrie, C., Rose, N.S., (2020). Implementation intentions and prospective memory function in late adulthood. Psychology and Aging


Haines, S., Randall, S.E., Terrett , G., Busija, L., Tatangelo, G., McLennan, S., Rose, N.S., Kliegel, M, Henry, JD, Rendell, PG. (in press). Assessing prospective memory with parallel tasks in laboratory and naturalistic-settings illuminates the Age-PM paradox and event vs time task distinction. Cognition.

Rose, N.S., Thomson, H., & Kliegel, M. (2019) No effect of transcranial direct-current stimulation to dorsolateral prefrontal cortex on prospective memory in healthy young and older adults. Journal of Cognitive Enhancement


Hering, A., Kliegel, M., Rendell, P.G., Craik, F.I.M., & Rose, N.S. (2018). Prospective Memory is a Key Predictor of Functional Independence in Older Adults. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society.


Rose, NS, Craik, FIM, Hering, A, Rendell, PG, Bidelman, GM, & Kliegel, M (2015). Cognitive and Neural Plasticity in Older Adults' Prospective Memory Following Training on the Virtual Week Computer Game. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 9.

Shelton, J. T., Lee, J. H., Scullin, M. K., Rose, N. S., Rendell, P. G., & McDaniel, M. A. (2016). Improving Prospective Memory in Healthy Older Adults and Individuals with Very Mild Alzheimer's Disease. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 64(6), 1307-1312.


Terrett, G., Rose, N.S., Henry, J.D., Bailey, P.E., Altgassen, M., Phillips, L.H., Kliegel, M., & Rendell, P.G. (2015). The relationship between prospective memory and episodic future thinking in younger and older adulthood. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 10.1080/17470218.2015.1054294.


Rose, N. S., Luo, L., Bialystok, E., Hering, A., Lau, K., & Craik, F. I. M. (2015). Cognitive processes in the breakfast task: Planning and Monitoring. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology.


Cameron, J., Rendell, P.G., Ski, C.F., Kure, C.E., McLennan, S.S., Rose, N.S., Prior, D.L., & Thompson, D.R. (2015). PROspective MEmory Training to improve HEart failUre Self-care (PROMETHEUS): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials, 16(1), 196. doi:10.1186/s13063-015-0721-2.


Hering, A.; Rendell, P.; Rose, N.; Schnitzspahn, K.;& Kliegel, M. (2014). Prospective memory training in older adults and its relevance for successful aging. Psychological Research, 6, 892-904.  DOI 10.1007/s00426-014-0566-4.


Foster, E., Rose, N. S., Rendell, P., & McDaniel, M. (2013). Prospective memory in Parkinson disease during a Virtual Week: Effects of both prospective and retrospective demands. Neuropsychology, 27, 2, 170-181,


Kliegel, M., Altgassen, M., Hering, A., & Rose, N. S. (2011). A process-based approach to prospective memory impairment in Parkinson’s disease. Neuropsychologia, 49, 8, 2166-77, doi:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2011.01.024.


Aberle, I., Rendell, P., Rose, N. S., McDaniel, M., & Kliegel, M. (2010). The age- prospective memory paradox: Young adults may not give their best outside of the lab. Developmental Psychology, 46, 6, 1444–1453,


Rose, N. S., Rendell, P. G., McDaniel, M. A., Aberle, I., & Kliegel, M. (2010). Age and individual differences in prospective memory during a “Virtual Week”: The role of working memory, vigilance, task-regularity, and cue-focality. Psychology and Aging, 25, 3, 595-605, doi: 10.1037/a0019771.




Bergeman, C. S., Boker, S. M., Rose, N., Bonanno, G. A., & Seeman, T. (2021). Integrative Science Approach to Resilience: The Notre Dame Study of Health & Well-being (NDHWB). Research in Human Development, 1-17.

Craik, F.I.M. & Rose, N.S. (2012). Memory encoding and aging: A neurocognitive perspective. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 36, 1729–1739, doi:10.1016/j.neubiorev.2011.11.007.


Craik, F. I. M. & Rose, N.S. (2012). Training cognition: Parallels with physical fitness?. Journal of Applied Research on Memory and Cognition, 1, 1, 51-52, doi:10.1016/j.jarmac.2011.12.001.


Reichman, W., Fiocco, A., & Rose, N.S. (2010). Exercising the brain to avoid cognitive decline: Examining the evidence. Future Medicine: Aging Health, 6, 5, 565-584, DOI: 10.2217/ahe.10.54.


Reichman, W. & Rose, N.S. (2012). History and experience: The direction of Alzheimer’s disease. Menopause, 19, 7, 724-734, 10.1097/gme.0b013e31825a28f2.


Sommers, M., Hale, S., Myerson, J., Rose, N. S., Tye-Murray, N., & Spehar, B. (2011). Spoken discourse comprehension across the adult lifespan. Ear and Hearing, 32, 6, 775-81, doi: 10.1097/AUD.0b013e3182234cf6.


Tye-Murray, N., Sommers, M., Spehar, B., Myerson, J., Hale, S., & Rose, N. S. (2008). Auditory-visual discourse comprehension by older and young adults in favorable and unfavorable conditions. International Journal of Audiology, 47, S103-S109, doi: 10.1080/14992020802301662.





Yeh, N., & Rose, N. S. (2019). How can transcranial magnetic stimulation be used to modulate episodic memory?: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Frontiers in psychology10, 993.

Widhalm, M. & Rose, N.S. (2019). How can transcranial magnetic stimulation be used to causally manipulate memory representations in the human brain? WIREs Cognitive Science. 

Rogasch, N. C., Sullivan, C., Thomson, R. H., Rose, N. S., Bailey, N. W., Fitzgerald, P. B., . . . Hernandez-Pavon, J. C. (2017). Analysing concurrent transcranial magnetic stimulation and electroencephalographic data: A review and introduction to the open-source TESA software. NeuroImage, 147, 934-951. doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2016.10.031



Craik, F.I.M. & Rose, N. S. (2014). Familiarity and Recollections: Interactions with Larry Jacoby. In Remembering: Attributions, Processes, and Control in Human Memory. Eds. D. Stephen Lindsay, Colleen M. Kelley, Andrew P. Yonelinas, Henry L. Roediger, III.






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